H.R. 510 - Rapid DNA Act of 2017

H. R. 510
[Report No. 115–117]


To establish a system for integration of Rapid DNA instruments for use by law enforcement to reduce violent crime and reduce the current DNA analysis backlog.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
January 12, 2017
Mr. Sensenbrenner (for himself, Mr. Swalwell of California, Mr. Rodney Davis of Illinois, Mr. Kind, Mr. Ryan of Ohio, Mr. Cohen, Mrs. Wagner, Mr. Ratcliffe, Ms. Speier, Mr. Pearce, and Mr. DeSaulnier) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

May 11, 2017
Additional sponsors: Mr. Yoder, Mr. Garamendi, Mr. Coffman, Mr. Katko, Mr. Barr, Mr. Bishop of Michigan, Mr. Fitzpatrick, Mr. Chabot, Ms. Jenkins of Kansas, Mr. Duncan of Tennessee, Mr. Carter of Texas, Mr. Poe of Texas, Mr. Collins of Georgia, and Mr. Farenthold

May 11, 2017
Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union and ordered to be printed

A BILL
To establish a system for integration of Rapid DNA instruments for use by law enforcement to reduce violent crime and reduce the current DNA analysis backlog.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the “Rapid DNA Act of 2017”.

SEC. 2. RAPID DNA INSTRUMENTS.

(a) Standards.—Section 210303(a) of the DNA Identification Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14131(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:


“(5)(A) In addition to issuing standards as provided in paragraphs (1) through (4), the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation shall issue standards and procedures for the use of Rapid DNA instruments and resulting DNA analyses.

“(B) In this Act, the term ‘Rapid DNA instruments’ means instrumentation that carries out a fully automated process to derive a DNA analysis from a DNA sample.”.

(b) Index.—Paragraph (2) of section 210304(b) of the DNA Identification Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 14132(b)(2)) is amended to read as follows:


“(2) prepared by—

“(A) laboratories that—

“(i) have been accredited by a nonprofit professional association of persons actively involved in forensic science that is nationally recognized within the forensic science community; and

“(ii) undergo external audits, not less than once every 2 years, that demonstrate compliance with standards established by the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation; or

“(B) criminal justice agencies using Rapid DNA instruments approved by the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation in compliance with the standards and procedures issued by the Director under section 210303(a)(5); and”.

SEC. 3. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS RELATING TO COLLECTION OF DNA IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION.

(a) From Certain Federal Offenders.—Section 3 of the DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 14135a) is amended—

(1) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following: “The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation may waive the requirements under this subsection if DNA samples are analyzed by means of Rapid DNA instruments and the results are included in CODIS.”; and

(2) in subsection (c), by adding at the end the following:


“(3) The term ‘Rapid DNA instruments’ means instrumentation that carries out a fully automated process to derive a DNA analysis from a DNA sample.”.

(b) From Certain District Of Columbia Offenders.—Section 4 of the DNA Analysis Backlog Elimination Act of 2000 (42 U.S.C. 14135b) is amended—

(1) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following: “The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation may waive the requirements under this subsection if DNA samples are analyzed by means of Rapid DNA instruments and the results are included in CODIS.”; and

(2) in subsection (c), by adding at the end the following:


“(3) The term ‘Rapid DNA instruments’ means instrumentation that carries out a fully automated process to derive a DNA analysis from a DNA sample.”.

Union Calendar No. 70

115th CONGRESS
     1st Session
H. R. 510
[Report No. 115–117]
A BILL
To establish a system for integration of Rapid DNA instruments for use by law enforcement to reduce violent crime and reduce the current DNA analysis backlog.
May 11, 2017
Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union and ordered to be printed